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UK carbon data charts

The charts add up the total cost of greenhouse gases. Berners-Lee has considered farming practices, the agricultural machinery required to harvest crops, methane burps, transport needed to get food and drink to the shops plus any other fuel requirements, processing and packaging. He intends the figures to be a rough guide, as all food supply chains are different and the knowledge is “far from certain”.

FOOD

KG C02e PER KG PRODUCE

Oatmeal milk, unrefrigerated (from UK)

0.2

Apples (local)

0.3

Potatoes and root veg (UK grown)

0.3

Soya milk, unrefrigerated

0.4

Onions (UK grown)

0.5

Garlic (UK grown)

0.5

Apples (shipped from New Zealand

0.6

Lettuce (UK grown)

0.6

Almond milk, unrefrigerated (from California)

0.6

Bananas (shipped from Latin America

0.7

Broccoli (UK grown)

0.7

Squash (UK grown)

0.7

Cauliflower (UK grown)

0.9

Kale (UK grown)

0.9

Lemons (shipped from Spain)

0.9

Grapes (driven from Spain)

1.1

Asparagus (UK grown)

1.1

Bread (UK produced)

1.1

Melons (shipped from Spain)

1.2

Broccoli (driven from Spain, Italy or France)

1.2

Spinach (UK grown)

1.2

Cucumber (UK produced, in season)

1.3

Standard tomatoes (UK grown, in season)

1.3

Oats (Scotland produced)

1.3

Sweetcorn (driven from Spain)

1.4

Flour (UK produced)

1.5

Pasta (UK produced)

1.5

Tofu

1.5

Avocado (shipped from South Africa, Peru or Chile)

1.6

Quinoa (shipped from Peru)

1.6

Cucumber (driven from Spain)

1.7

Strawberries (Scotland produced)

1.7

Strawberries (driven from Spain)

1.8

Avocados (driven from Spain)

1.8

Lettuce (driven from Spain)

1.8

Strawberries (driven from Spain)

1.8

Cow's milk (British produced)

1.9

Cocoa powder (shipped from Africa)

1.9

Avocados (driven from Spain)

2.0

Pasta (driven from Italy)

2.0

Sardines (caught in UK)

2.0

Herbs (UK grown)

2.1

Mackerel (caught in UK)

2.1

Sugar

2.1

Peas, lentils, chickpeas, beans ( from America)

2.1

Margarine (British)

2.1

Nuts and seeds

2.3

Jam, honey or marmalade (local)

2.3

Yoghurt (British)

2.4

Chocolate (processed Europe, driven)

2.4

Tomatoes (driven from Spain)

2.5

Berries (frozen)

2.6

Dried fruits

2.9

Peppers (hothoused, driven from Netherlands)

3.0

Rice (shipped from Asia)

3.8

Whole chicken (UK produced)

3.8

Prawns and shrimps (caught in UK)

3.8

Quorn

4.0

Mushrooms (UK produced

4.1

Scottish salmon (fresh, farmed)

4.1

Cod (caught in UK)

4.1

Cod (shipped from Iceland)

4.4

Baby plum tomatoes (hothoused in UK)

4.6

Tinned tuna

5.3

Cream (British)

5.9

Whole chicken (global average)

8.1

Butter (British)

9.8

Bacon (UK produced)

10

Mozzarella (UK produced)

10.1

Mozzarella (driven from Italy

10.3

Cheddar (UK produced)

11.8

Grapes (flown from South Africa)

18.5

Asparagus (flown from Peru)

18.5

Eggs (British)

19.1

Parmesan (driven from Italy)

19.1

Lamb (UK produced)

21

Tuna (flown from Seychelles)

22

Tiger prawns (farmed Thailand)

25

Beef (UK produced)

25

Beef steak (imported from deforested land)

83.3

 

 

 

 

 

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